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What is periodontal disease?

Periodontitis involves progressive loss of the alveolar bone around the teeth, and if left untreated, can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is caused by microorganisms that adhere to and grow on the tooth's surfaces, along with an over-aggressive immune response against these microorganisms. Periodontist is one of the main factors of teeth lost, immediate medical attention should be provided if abnormal bleeding when teeth brushing.

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is a serious oral health issue that affect millions across the globe and it’s important to not underestimate it.Periodontal disease is a long term recurrent oral disease, not only it can affect our ability to chew, it also affects our general health.

Periodontal treatment

Periodontitis Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation diseases caused by poor oral hygiene. It is more common to see the development of periodontist after 35 years old. Failure to treat gingivitis will accelerate the spread of the disease deep to the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and cementum. There are no obvious symptoms in the early stage of periodontitis, it can easily be neglected leading to more severe problems. Thus it is important to have annual dental cleaning and checkups to prevent such oral disease.
Gum BleedingGum bleeding is a common sign of periodontitis and sensitive gum tissue may bleed during eating or teeth brushing. Severe periodontal patients experience bleeding with the slightest touch to their gum. Generally, gum bleeding is a common sign of periodontal disease, it should be taken care of immediately by medical experts. Prolong peritonitis infection will cause severe teeth loss and heavy medical bill.
Loose TeethThere is a range for a tooth to be classified as a loose tooth, movement over 0.02mm is considered a loose tooth. Most people do not notice the level of rigidity, it is important to practice clean oral hygiene and be preventive against oral diseases.
Dental Caries Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, cavities, or caries, is a breakdown of teeth due to activities of bacteria. The cavities can be a number of different colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may include pain and difficulty with eating. Complications may include inflammation of the tissue around the tooth, tooth loss, and infection or abscess formation. The cause of caries is bacterial breakdown of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin and cementum). This occurs due to acid made from food debris or sugar on the tooth surface.
GingivitisGingivitis (inflammation of the gum tissue) is a non-destructive periodontal disease. The most common form of gingivitis, and the most common form of periodontal diseaseoverall, is in response to bacterial biofilms (also called plaque) adherent to tooth surfaces. Gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene. However, in the absence of treatment, or if not controlled, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the inflammation results in tissue destruction and alveolar bone resorption, which can ultimately lead to tooth loss.
PulpitisPulpitis is inflammation of dental pulp tissue. The pulp contains the blood vessels the nerves and connective tissue inside a tooth and provides the tooth’s blood and nutrients. Pulpitis is mainly caused by bacteria infection which itself is a secondary development of caries (tooth decay). It manifests itself in the form of a toothache.
ToothacheThere are many reasons associated with toothache, many of which are signs of tooth decay, periodontist, damaged or sensitive tooth.
PericoronitisPericoronitis also known as operculitis, is inflammation of the soft tissues surrounding the crown of a partially erupted tooth, including the gingiva (gums) and the dental follicle. The soft tissue covering a partially erupted tooth is known as an operculum, an area which can be difficult to access with normal oral hygiene methods.
Dental CalculusIn dentistry, calculus or tartar is a form of hardened dental plaque. It is caused by precipitation of minerals from saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in plaque on the teeth (75% calcium orthophosphate, 15%-25% CO2, organism, manganous phosphate etc...) This process of precipitation kills the bacterial cells within dental plaque, but the rough and hardened surface that is formed provides an ideal surface for further plaque formation. This leads to calculus buildup, which compromises the health of the gingiva (gums). Calculus can form both along the gum line, where it is referred to as supragingival, and within the narrow sulcus that exists between the teeth and the gingiva, where it is referred to as subgingival.

Periodontal treatment process

  • STEP1 Consultation, diagnosis and treatment plan. The basic process of periodontal treatment

  • STEP2 Dental assessment, denture reconstruction, dental correction, regular checkups

  • STEP3 Evaluation on treatment and regular examinations

periodontal treatment problem

  • Q What are the symptoms of periodontitis

    APeriodontitis is a common oral disease and it is crucial to take controlled during the early stage of the disease. Delaying the treatment will result in bone resorption, periodontal pockets, loose teeth and gum bleeding.

  • QWhat causes the development of periodontitis

    AGum disease is mostly caused by improper oral hygiene that allows bacteria in plaque and calculus to remain on the teeth and infect the gums.